Home Know The Law Small Economic Offences To Be Decriminalized By Finance Ministry

Small Economic Offences To Be Decriminalized By Finance Ministry

Ministry of Finance has recently proposed decriminalisation of some economic offences under different laws and acts and has asked for public comments on the same.

nirmala sitharaman
nirmala sitharaman

Which small economic offences are proposed to be decriminalized?

As many as 36 sections under 19 different acts are proposed to be decriminalised by the Ministry of Finance. The sections proposed to be amended are as under-

  1. Cheque Bounce under Section 12, Insurance Act, 1938
  2. Section 29, SARFAESI Act, 2002
  3. Section 16(7) and 32(1) PFRDA Act, 2013
  4. Section 58B, RBI Act, 1934
  5. Section 26(1), 26(4), Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007
  6. Section 56(1), NABARD Act, 1981
  7. Section 49, NHB Act, 1987
  8. Section 42, State Financial Corporations Act, 1951
  9. Section 23, Credit Information Companies (Regulations) Act, 1951
  10. Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
  11. Section 4&5, Prize Chits and Money Circulation Schemes (Banning) Act, 1978
  12. Section 37, Actuaries Act, 2006
  13. Section 40, LIC Act, 1956
  14. Section 76, Chit Funds Act, 1982
  15. Section 47, DICGC Act, 1961
  16. Section 23, Factoring Regulation Act, 2011
  17. Section 36AD (2), 46, Banking Regulations Act, 1949
  18. Section 21, Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Act, 2019
  19. Section 30, General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act, 1972

What are the reasons stated by the Ministry for such a proposal?

The Finance Ministry stated that the decision for this proposal was a part of Atmanirbhar Economic Package. It is in view of improving the ease of doing business in the country and reducing the burden on criminal courts to solve these pity matters and declutter the jails in the country. It is a further step taken by the ministry during the COVID – 19 economic crisis that would probably ease businesses nation-wide.

What impact will these changes bring?

This step would bring big relief to foreign investors who were worried about criminalised economic offences which were served as a hindrance in their way for investment in the country. However, it will badly affect the creditors who will have to wait longer to get back the money they had lend.


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