GOI decided to launch a massive rural public works scheme ‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan’ to empower and provide livelihood opportunities to the returnee migrant workers and rural citizens.
On Saturday 20 June, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan, a Rs 50,000 crore scheme to create jobs opportunity for the migrant workers during this COVID crisis, for the workers who returned to their home town due to lockdown. The Abhiyan has been launched for the 6 major states where the migrant workers have returned in large numbers to improve their livelihood and to provide them employment.
“Today is a historic day as a massive campaign has kick-started for the welfare of the poor, for their employment,” the prime minister said, launching the scheme via video conference. “It is our endeavor that through this campaign, workers are given work near their homes.”
It is of great necessity that high speed and cheap internet be provided in every rural household to help the youth and children,” Modi said. “That is why this is the first time that the rural areas are using more internet than the urban areas. Hence the laying of fiber optic cable and provision of the internet is also made a part of the Abhiyan.”
“Migrants will be provided with jobs near their homes. So far, you were using your talent for the progress of the cities. Now you will help in the development of your villages, your neighborhoods,” PM Modi said.
ABOUT THE ABHIYAAN
- The program will cover 116 districts across Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, and Odisha.
- It will involve 25 different types of works to provide jobs and create infrastructure in the rural regions of the country with a resource envelope of Rs 50,000 crore.
- The objective behind launching the programme is to boost the livelihood opportunities in rural India., and to create durable infrastructure along with employment opportunities,” an official communique said.
- The scheme is the effort of 12 different ministries or departments including rural development, Panchayati Raj, road transport and highways, mines, drinking water and sanitation, environment, railways, petroleum and natural gas, new and renewable energy, border roads, telecom, and agriculture.
- The Centre’s dependence on the construction to create jobs comes after skill mapping in districts where more than 25,000 migrant workers have returned, and run by the rural development ministry with monitoring by the PMO.
- The government communique said the 116 districts will also contain 27 aspirational districts—India’s poorest areas in socio-economic indices—and the government hopes to cover about two-thirds of migrant workers.
Rural development secretary NN Sinha said that the laying of fibre optics cable, railway works, urban mission jobs, sanitation works, waste management, poultry, farm ponds, and training through Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s will be given to the migrant workers under the programme.
Ministers present during the launch of the programme via video conferencing are Union minister of rural development Narendra Singh Tomar and Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar were among those who were present during the launch,
In 125 days, nearly 25 schemes will be brought together to reach saturation. These will include Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, Gram Sadak Yojana, Jal Jeevan yojana, PM Gram Sadak yojana, etc,” finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in a press conference on Thursday.
Chhattisgarh CM demand to include the state under this Abhiyaan
Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel has demanded that the Centre should also include Chhatisgarh under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyan.
In a letter to the prime minister Modi, Bhupesh Baghel said that even though Chhattisgarh’s neighboring states ( MP, Jharkhand, and Odisha) have been included in the scheme, his state has been excluded despite having similarities in terms of geographical, economical and social scenario with these states.
The chief minister further said that the entire nation is badly affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Labourers, who earn their livelihood on a day-to-day basis, are the most affected due to the crisis. Migrant labourers have returned to their home states as employment avenues have shut down in places where they had gone for jobs. So far, over 5 lakh migrant labourers have returned to Chhattisgarh and the number is still increasing. He further wrote that about three-fourths of the state is extremely backward.
“About 90 percent of the total population of Chhattisgarh depends on agriculture and labour work for livelihood comprising unorganized sector, agricultural labourers, and marginalized farmers. Bastar and Sarguja division of Chhattisgarh are tribal-dominated and there are also 10 aspirational districts in the state,” CM said in his letter.
The Chief Minister requested that all the districts of Chhattisgarh be immediately included in the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan to facilitate employment and self-employment of all migrant labourers of the state may have opportunities to earn a living according to their interest and skills.