Union Minister of Human Resource Development MHRD, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, today released “India Rankings 2020” of Institutions of Higher Education in various categories on the basis of their performance on five broad categories of parameters. In 2020, an addition to nine rankings i.e one domain “Dental” has been introduced for the first time bringing the total tally to 10 categories/subject domains.
How National information ranking framework (NIRF) was formulated?
Ministry of Human Resource Development organized a one-day workshop on 21 August 2014 on evolving methodologies for the ranking of institutions of higher education in India. After due deliberations, The University Grants Commission constituted an expert committee on 9 October 2015 to develop a framework for the ranking of universities and colleges in India and the framework developed by this expert committee has been incorporated into NIRF.
The relevance of ranking parameter
The Minister said that these rankings acts as a guide to students for selection of universities based on a set of criteria and helps universities to improve their performance on various ranking parameters and identify gaps in research and areas of improvement. He added that the Ranking of Institutions at national level instil a competitive spirit amongst institutions to perform better and secure a higher rank in an international ranking.
Process of evaluation
The ranking framework evaluates institutions on five broad generic groups of parameters, i.e. Teaching, Learning and Resources (TLR), Research and Professional Practice (RP), Graduation Outcomes (GO), Outreach and Inclusivity (OI) and Perception (PR). Ranks are assigned based on total sum of marks assigned for each of these five broad groups of parameters.
Besides, sourcing data on various parameters from applicant institutions, third party sources of data have also been used, wherever possible. Scopus (Elsevier Science) and Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics) were used for retrieving publications and citations data. Derwent Innovation was used for retrieving data on patents. Data retrieved from these sources was shared with the institutions for transparency with a provision to give their inputs.
Rankings of varsities
• In overall Category, IIT Madras topped the ranking.
• Inn the NIRF university ranking, Top rank is obtained by Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (IISC) followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and at third rank is Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
• Miranda house college emerged on the top in College category.
• In pharmacy category, Jamia Hamdard emerged on top.
• In law category, National law school institute university, Bangalore followed by Nlu Delhi and NALSAR Hyderabad.
• In the medical category, AIIMS Delhi has topped the ranking.
• In management category, IIM Ahmedabad topped the ranking.
• In engineering category, It is topped by IIT, Madras.
• In the Architecture category, IIT Kharagpur topped the ranking.
• In Dental category, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi topped the chart.