The government of Maharashtra established Maharashtra shops and establishment act, 2017 by replacement Maharashtra shops and establishment Act, 1948. This was through intending to extend the convenience of doing business and boosting employment opportunities for women. The Act represents vital reform of the prevailing legislation and employers ought to observe the changes to make sure compliance and to best employ the pliability afforded by the new regime. This is the first state of India to draft the new shops and establish law.
The central government in 2016 established the Model Shops and Establishments to achieve the objective increasing the ease of doing business along with boosting employment opportunities for women by requiring a women-friendly work environment on the other.
The Central Government chose the path of suggestive model legislation so that states could adopt the legislation in line with regional and local requirements.
Maharashtra became the first state in country to undertake this Model Bill by way of passing the Maharashtra Shops and Establishments (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 2017 (the “Act”) which acquired the governor’s assent on 7 September 2017 and entered into pressure on 19 December 2017. On two February 2018, the Government of Maharashtra additionally notified draft Rules (subsidiary legislation) to assist the implementation of the Act. These draft rules are anticipated to come into force following a period of consultation.
1. Protections for female workers: The Act prohibits discrimination towards ladies employees concerning recruitment, training, transfers, promotions, and wages. While women workers are allowed to work from 9:30 pm to 7:00 am if they expressly consent to do so (which used to be no longer before permitted), the draft Rules impose a host of tasks on the corporation about ladies workers on night shifts such as the provision of separate facilities and transportation for women, and the strict implementation and enforcement of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace, Prevention, Prohibition and Redress) Act, 2013.
2. Exempt workers: The Act solely covers employees who are at once employed through the establishment, and does not observe to contract workers. Furthermore, workers occupying positions of confidential, managerial, or supervisory character are expressly excluded and organizations are required to display a list of such people on its website or in the establishment. While concern had been expressed about the potential of companies to comply with this requirement, the draft Rules furnish extra guidance on what is regarded as a managerial position and so on.
3. Work hours and overtime: In distinction with the previous legislation, the Act does no longer prescribe uniform opening and closing hours for all establishments. Instead, it offers the State Government the flexibility to fix distinct hours relying on the industry. At the equal time, no worker can be required or accredited to work for more than 9 hours in any day and forty-eight hours in the week. Working past these hours entitles the worker to beyond regular time wages at the charge of twice the normal wage; however, the whole range of overtime hours cannot exceed a hundred twenty-five hours in three months (i.e. about 10 hours in a week).
4. Weekly rest day: All organizations are authorized to stay open on all days in the week provided that each worker is allowed to take a weekly rest day.
5. Leave: In addition to the paid weekly rest day, each employee is additionally entitled to 8 days of casual leave and 8 paid competition vacation trips per year. Leave will accrue up to a maximum of forty-five days.
Compliance and Flexibility of the Act
The Act appoints some officers to implement its provisions. these Facilitators will inspect the premises of registered establishments, overview documents, and recommendation establishments closer to complying with the norms. Any institution that deviates from the standards and norms targeted underneath the Shops and Establishment Act will be liable to a nice of Rs 100,000.
However, it is beneficial to word that via no longer regulating the working stipulations in corporations engaging much less than 10 workers, the Act affords good sized compliance remedy for micro, small, and medium-sized companies (MSMEs).
Finally, responding to worries raised through business associations, the Maharashtra state government has proposed specific working hours for extraordinary categories of establishments. Malls, restaurants, film theatres, and other leisure facilities are likely to gain the most from this movie.
Effect of Coronavirus
Due to the corona pandemic, the shops and business in the whole states have been shut down which led around 50 to 60 lakhs people to lose their jobs and the ones who are employed are also not getting proper salaries. Therefore the government has laid down some guidelines. firstly, It is the legal duty of care of an employer towards its workforce which must be given careful consideration by the employers. Secondly, Employers can’t cut the salaries of their employees. Thirdly, No termination of employees until the situation of the pandemic gets over. Finally, There should only be 50% working staff and they should also follow all the preventive measures.