The Dadra and Nagar and Daman and Diu [Merger of Union Territories] bill was introduces in Lok Sabha by the minister of Home Affairs, Mr. Amit Shah on November 26, 2019. The bill provides for the merger of the Union Territories [UTs] of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu into a single UT.
The merged union territory will be named as Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The name is long but it was decided to respect the sentiments of the people.
1. Amendment of Constitution
The bill amends the First Schedule that specifies the territories that come under various states and UTs. Now, the merged territory will form the UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
2. Representation in Lok Sabha
The first schedule to the Representation of the People Act 1950 provides one seat in Lok Sabha to each of the Two UTs. The bill seeks to amend the schedule to allocate two lok Sabha seats to the merged UT.
3. Jurisdiction of the High Court
The bill says that the jurisdiction of the High Court of Bombay will continue to extend to the merged UT.
Every person who was employed with the affairs of the existing UTs will now serve the merged UT.
Digging deep on how It will work?
• There will be no change in administration and service conditions and reservation. Similarly, there will be no change in the status of Group III and IV employees.
• The merger would bring about administrative convenience, speedy development and effective implementation of central and state government schemes.
• There are two secretariats and parallel departments which consume infrastructure and manpower in each Union territory.
• The Administrator, Secretaries, and Heads of certain departments functions in both the Union territories on alternate days affecting their availability to people and monitoring functions.
• Further, various departments of the Government of India have to co-ordinate with both the Union territories separately, causing duplication of works.
Reason to merge both the UTs
1. To strengthen administrative efficiency.
2. To fast track the development of both the UTs.
3. It will cut down the administration cost.
4. Wide aspect of development for both the UTs.
5. Fruitful utilization of manpower.
Having two separate constitutional and administrative entities in both the Union territories leads to lot of duplicity, inefficiency and wasteful expenditure. Further, this also causes unnecessary financial burden on the Government. Besides these, there are various challenges for cadre management and career progression of employees. Availability of more officers and infrastructure would help in more efficient implementation of flagship schemes of the government.