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China’s Peaceful Rise and India-China Standoff in Ladakh

In the speech of Chinese Vice President on 23rd Jan 2019, he explains China’s Peaceful Rise and says, “Today, China’s interests and destiny are closely related to those of world. While developing itself, China hopes to work with all countries to pursue common development and build a community with a shared future for mankind”. But that doesn’t mean a real war.

When the whole world is conscious in this pandemic situation and is afraid of there downfall in economic status, China seeks media coverage for its “Peaceful Rise” of economic growth and military expansion in the area that is considered to be India’s Line of Actual Control (LAC).

ladakh
ladakh

Indian defense ministry’s dreadful reports say that China has been setting their troops ready for the war across the disputed LAC and Himalayan frontier. India and China both claim territory along the Himalayas, the world’s tallest mountain range. This dispute has started decades ago as India and China’s relations have never been so great in history.

In June 2017 India and Chinese troops were locked in the face-off at the border trijunction with Bhutan. This trijunction is the point where India, China, and Bhutan’s borders meet. The area of concern there was the Doklam plateau. It lies between China’s Chumbi Valley to the north, Bhutan’s Ha Valley to the east, and India’s Sikkim state to the west. A military standoff took place between India and China as China tried to extend a road near the Doka La pass. India on behalf of Bhutan put a stop for the Chinese.

So, the question arises that, why is India even afraid of the Doklam plateau? Doklam lies very close to Chumbi valley that afford a view of India’s “Chicken neck sector” which is the 24 kilometers-wide corridor between Nepal and Bangladesh in India’s West Bengal state. This connects the central part of India with the Northeastern states. Therefore, handling Doklam plateau to China could have been a tragic panic for India. Besides all of this China had already built a 500km highway directly from Lasa to Chumbi Valley which can be covered only in 8 hours.

Further India blamed China for allegedly attempting to construct a road and China blamed India for entering into its territory. China also claimed that Doklam belongs to them as India’s former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru accepted the 1890 British-China treaty. But Nehru clearly had disagreed to the point in his letter that he sent to Zhou on 8th September 1959 and wrote,

“This Convention of 1890 also defined the boundary between Sikkim and Tibet; and the boundary was later, in 1895, demarcated. There is thus no dispute regarding the boundary of Sikkim with the Tibet region. This clearly refers to northern Sikkim and not to the tri-junction which needed to be discussed with Bhutan and Sikkim and which is today the contentious area. And once more, let us not forget that the 1890 Treaty was an unequal treaty as Tibet, Sikkim, and Bhutan were not involved”.

And then China had been accusing and tried to frighten India constantly for interrupting in the matter of boundaries between China and Bhutan.

Now, China has been setting up camps and deploying forces for the last few months. Although China assured India for no wars, India refuses to lower its guards in LAC.

Chinese army came in trucks normally to ferry soil from Ladakh for construction purposes and is cleverly using this chance in building up more camps beyond LAC and slowly mobilizing their troops to the borders of India.

Standoff in eastern Ladakh is called India’s worst-ever standoff since the 1999 Kargil conflict. The strategic roads built on Ladakh triggered China for war.

DARBUK-SHYOK-DAULAT BEG OLDI ROAD is a link to India’s northernmost post.

THE SASOMA-SASER LA ROAD is an alternative link to Daulat Beg Oldi Road, being built at the height of 17,800FT

China has been continuously threatening India while the construction of these two roads is in prosses, as both the roads are been built for the safety of the territory.

As of now after more than a month, PLA troops have moved back from several points in Ladakh by 2.5 kilometers. It was the result of the all-round pressure that India had mounted on it. Indian troops have also disengaged for the first time after the recent monthlong standoff between China and India as both sides of government have left general-level talks on the 6th of June and have engaged high-level military talks.

Indian officials have announced that talks with china have produced an agreement that both sides will “peacefully resolve the situation in the border areas in accordance with various bilateral agreements.” 

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